• Join us on facebook
  • Follow us on Twitter
Siem Reap Attractions
Siem Reap Attractions

Phnom Kulen Waterfall

The Phnom Kulen mountain range is located 30 km northwards from Angkor Wat. Its name means "mountain of the Lychee” . There is a sacred hilltop site on top of the range.

Phnom Kulen is considered a holy mountain in Cambodia, of special religious significance to Hindus and Buddhists who come to the mountain in pilgrimage.

Phnom Kulen WaterfallIt also has a major symbolic importance for Cambodians as the birthplace of the ancient Khmer Empire, for it was at Phnom Kulen that King Jayavarma II proclaimed independence from Java in 804 CE. Jayavarman II initiated the cult of the king, a linga cult, in what is dated as 804 CE and declaring his independence from Java of whom the Khmer had been a vassalage state (whether this is actually "Java" or "Lava" (a Lao kingdom) is debated, as well as the legend that he was earlier held as a ransom of the kingdom in Java. See Higham's The Civilization of Angkor for more information about the debate). During the Angkorian era the relief was known as Mahendraparvata (the mountain of Great Indra).

The site is known for its carvings representing fertility and its waters which hold special significance to Hindus. Just 5 cm under the water's surface over 1000 small carvings are etched into the sandstone riverbed. The waters are regarded as holy, given that Jayavarman II chose to bathe in the river, and had the river diverted so that the stone bed could be carved. Carvings include a stone representation of the Hindu god Vishnu laying on his serpent Ananta, with his wife Lakshmi at his feet.  A lotus flower protrudes from his navel bearing the god Brahma. The river then ends with a waterfall and a pool.

Near these mountains is Preah Ang Thom, a 16th century Buddhist monastery notable for the giant reclining Buddha, the country's largest.

The Samré tribe was formerly living at the edge of Phnom Kulen, quarrying sandstone and transporting it to the royal sites.

The Khmer Rouge used the location as a final stronghold as their regime came to an end in 1979.

 

Check More Things to do in Siem Reap Province ...

Cambo Carving Siem Reap

Cambo Carving Siem Reap

We have a huge selection of wooden and stone carvings, silver and silk. We provide ... More Detail

Wat Bo Pagoda, Siem Reap

Wat Bo Pagoda, Siem Reap

Wat Bo Pagoda is one of the oldest pagodas in Siem Reap, Cambodia and has a number of ... More Detail

Phnom Krom - Tonle Sap Lake

Phnom Krom - Tonle Sap Lake

Phnom Krom - Tonle Sap Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, is itself a ... More Detail

Sam Veasna Center (Bird Watch)

Sam Veasna Center (Bird Watch)

Sam Veasna Center in partnership with Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) organises trips ... More Detail

Chong Kneas Floating Village

Chong Kneas Floating Village

Chong Khneas is the floating village at the edge of the lake closest and most accessible ... More Detail

Beatocello Concert Beat Richner

Beatocello Concert Beat Richner

Dr. Beat Richner (born March 13, 1947) is a Swiss pediatrician, cellist (Beatocello), and ... More Detail

 

Popular Package Tours

 
Angkor Package Tours

ANGKOR DISCOVERY TOURS

Full package tour to Siem Reap
More Detail

Angkor Golf Packages

GOLF PACKAGE TOURS

Play Standard Golf in Siem Reap
More Detail

Cambodia Special VIP Tours

SPECIAL HELICOPTER TOURS

Siem Reap Angkor Helicopter Services
More Detail

Cambodia Honeymoon Perfection

HONEYMOON PERFECTION

Honeymoon in Siem Reap Angkor
More Detail

 
Trusted By Angkor Focus Travel

Guest Name: Ms. Fatima AlRaeesi
Country: United Arab Emirates
City: Abu Dhabi
Number of Person: 1 pax
Travel Date: 04/09/2017
Pick Up Services: Yes
Arrival By: Air
Take Tour By: Car or Van
Book Choice: Tour+Guide+Transport 3 Days with Car for 1 Person