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Cambodia Information
Cambodia Information

Cambodia Population

Population of Cambodia

Between 1874 and 1921, the total population of Cambodia increased from about 946,000 to 2.4 million. By 1950 it had increased to between 3,710,107 and 4,073,967, and in 1962 it had reached 5.7 million. From the 1960s until 1975, the population of Cambodia increased by about 2.2 % yearly, the lowest increase in Southeast Asia. By 1975 when the Khmer Rouge took power, it was estimated at 7.3 million. Of this total an estimated one to two million reportedly died between 1975 and 1978. In 1981, the PRK gave the official population figure as nearly 6.7 million, although approximately 6.3 million to 6.4 million is probably more accurate. The average annual rate of population growth from 1978 to 1985 was 2.3% (see table 2, Appendix A).

In 1959, about 45% of the population was under 15 years of age. By 1962, this had increased slightly to 46 %. In 1962, an estimated 52 % of the population was between 15 and 64 years of age, while 2% were older than 65. The percentage of males and females in the three groups was almost the same.

Population and age distribution

  Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 4 346 42.2 55.1 2.7
1955 4 840 42.3 55.0 2.7
1960 5 433 42.5 54.8 2.7
1965 6 141 42.8 54.4 2.7
1970 6 938 43.2 54.0 2.8
1975 7 098 42.3 54.9 2.8
1980 6 506 39.0 58.1 2.9
1985 7 920 42.1 55.0 2.9
1990 9 532 43.8 53.4 2.8
1995 11 169 47.5 49.7 2.8
2000 12 447 41.6 55.4 3.00
2005 13 358 36.4 60.3 3.3
2010 14 138 31.9 64.3 3.8

Vital Statistic

Fertility

According to 2010 Demographic and Health Survey, the total fertility rate in Cambodia was 3.0 children per woman in 2010. In 2000, this was 4.0 children and in 2005 3.4. Women in urban areas have 2.2 children on average, compared with 3.3 children per woman in rural areas. Fertility is highest in Mondol Kiri/Rattanak Kiri Province, where women have an average of 4.5 children, and lowest in Phnom Penh where women have an average of 2.0 children. According to the survey, Cambodian women want about three children, on average. Ideal family size is slightly higher among women in rural areas than urban areas (3.2 versus 2.9). Women with secondary and higher education desire fewer children than women with no schooling (2.8 versus 3.5).

Infant and childhood mortality

Childhood mortality rates are decreasing in Cambodia.[2] Currently, the infant mortality rate is 45 deaths per 1,000 live births for the five year period before the survey compared with 66 deaths reported in the 2005 CDHS and 95 in the 2000 CDHS. Under-five mortality rates have also decreased from 124 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2000, 83 deaths in 2005 to 54 deaths per 1,000 in 2010.

Childhood mortality decreases markedly with mother’s education and wealth. Infant mortality, for example, is twice as high among children whose mothers have no schooling compared to those with secondary or higher education (72 versus 31). The association with wealth is even stronger. There are 77 deaths per 1,000 live births among infants from the poorest households compared to only 23 deaths per 1,000 live births among infants from the richest households.

Mortality rates are much higher in rural than urban areas. Infant mortality, for example, is 64 deaths per 1,000 live births in rural areas compared to only 22 in urban areas. Mortality also differs by province. Infant mortality ranges from only 13 deaths per 1,000 live births in Phnom Penh to 78 deaths per 1,000 live births in Kampong Chhnang and Svay Rieng.

Life expectancy

In 1959, Life expectancy at birth was 44.2 years for males and 43.3 years for females. By 1970, life expectancy had increased by about 2.5 years since 1945. The greater longevity for females apparently reflected improved health practices during maternity and childbirth.\

Population Growth by the Year

Note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (2011 est.)

Year Population (July est.) Growth rate (est.)
2011 14,701,717 +1.72%
2010 14,453,680 −0.28%
2009 14,494,293 +1.77%
2008 14,241,640 +1.76%
2007 13,995,904 +0.82%
2006 13,881,427 +1.80%
2005 13,636,398 +0.22%
2004 13,124,764 +3.67%
 

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